Scottish Dna Haplogroups

5% of Danish, 3% of Swedish and 5. You are invited to contact William Clark "Bill" Hardin, Jr. Y-DNA Haplogroup I (the letter I, not the number 1) represents nearly one-fifth of the population of Europe. My Living DNA results Part 2: mtDNA and Y-DNA reports In my previous post I wrote about my family ancestry maps from Living DNA which showed the regional breakdown of my genetic ancestry in Britain based on an analysis of my autosomal DNA. It is not found outside of the Little Scottish Cluster, but seems to have back-mutated several times within the group. [ MtDNA haplogroups have names like Y DNA haplogroups e. Haplogroups represent fractures in the human family tree and are tied to deep ancestry (think in terms of thousands or even 10s of thousands of years) and are shown in the human Phylogenetic tree. Interactive charts and maps from the World Atlas of Ancestral Genealogy and Modern Genography, weaving DNA haplogroup data with socioeconomic and environmental indicators to cast a new light on these subjects: definitely not your grandfather's genetic genealogy. MORE: Trace your Scottish ancestors for free on Ancestry. Y-DNA traces your paternal ancestry up the male line. In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup J is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. Clan Donald’s DNA project, now over 18 years old, is among the largest family-based genetic genealogy project in the world. Autosomal DNA. R1b is the most common haplogroup in Western Europe, reaching over 80% of the population in Ireland, the Scottish Highlands, western Wales, the Atlantic fringe of France, the Basque country and Catalonia. DNA testing is not a replacement for traditional documentary research, but can be used in conjunction with the paper records. However, the Irish also share their DNA to a large extent with the people of Britain, especially the Scottish and Welsh. Haplogroup F (M89) is a major paragroup of five F subgroups and haplogroups G and H, and paragroup IJK. Tag: Scottish DNA Project Age of lineages within S756 Thanks are due to Iain McDonald, project administrator at the R-U106 and Scottish DNA Projects who has provided improved estimation of the age of branches within S756. The Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) test traces direct male-line ancestry — grandfather to father to son and so on. CTS10893 Saxon DNA. Please include the ID number in your email. Doesn't Coon say that the Med race is basically extinct and the only remaining populations are in Wales, England, France, Norway? Yeah, definitely sounds like a load of crap to me. Genetic History of Africa. DNA: Genotypes and Phenotypes While much of the genetic diversity discussed above came from inactive, noncoding, or otherwise evolutionarily neutral segments of the genome , there are many sites that show clear evidence of selective pressure on the variations between modern humans and Neanderthals. Haplogroup A in Africa. R1b Y-DNA Haplogroup I work in the geographic area of the north of Ireland and western Scotland. If you get your DNA tested, chances are you will come across the term “haplogroup. Haplogroup R1a1, M17 (Subclade R1a1a, M198) Your Y-chromosome results identify you as a member of haplogroup R1a1, M17 (Subclade R1a1a, M198). Project Background: This project is open to both yDNA paternal lines and mtDNA maternal lines of Nordic and of Celtic-Iberian origins. ” The Picts were Scotland’s earliest known people. Celtic Migration to Ireland: Evolution of Haplogroup R & the Indo-European Language I. 3rd Great Grandfather from my grandmother line was. Haplogroup F (M89) is a major paragroup of five F subgroups and haplogroups G and H, and paragroup IJK. Haplogroup I1 (Y-DNA) is the original paternal lineage of Nordic Europe. Commercial ancestral Y-DNA testing has revealed that 60% of Irish males will have a pre-Viking Gaelic origin, and that almost all of those will have earlier detectable links with Scotland (the Y-DNA test only explores the paternal line). However a R haplogroup member of the Bulgarian DNA project N65113, who has the FGS test, has almost the same mutations as KO1. This is a new branch of genetic anthropology that is developing fast: our Smith line’s most recent ‪single-nucleotide polymorphic mutation, L177, was. It originated in sub-Saharan Africa over 140,000 years ago, and possibly as much as 340,000 years ago if we include haplogroup A00. Scottish DNA Project - Y-DNA Test 37 Marker. Ireland Y-DNA Project. com), I have been identified by ftdna. [ MtDNA haplogroups have names like Y DNA haplogroups e. We advise all participants to join an appropriate surname, clan, family or haplogroup project as the best way to find genetic matches. Maternal haplogroups found are consistent with pre-Neolithic settlement, whereas the Y-chromosomal analyses permitted confirmation of the existence in Spain approximately 7,000 y ago of two haplogroups previously associated with the Neolithic transition: G2a and E1b1b1a1b. Z140 > Z2535> Z2538 > Z2536 & so the Danish Viking connection and me matching so close, makes perfect sense. the reason for the (s) is that there haven't been a proper determination of the Phoenician Haplogroup as of yet. The British Isles DNA Project is a dual (Y-DNA and mtDNA) project that is open to persons with a documented direct paternal or maternal lineage originating in the British Isles. Albania---30-15. Haplogroup CF is a hypothetical haplogroup that emerged from CT between 60,000-55,000 years ago, possibly in Southwest Africa, and accounts for descendant haplogroups C and F. Because of their stability, they can be used to identify branches of the Y-tree, called haplogroups. Haplogroup R-M269, also known as R1b1a1a2, is a sub-clade of human Y-chromosome haplogroup R1b. The DNA within her carried a mutation that would be passed down to her offspring through the maternal line to me - Haplogroup I1 She lived about 13,000 years ago, not long after the Ice Age ended. Complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome analyses have greatly improved the phylogeny and phylogeography of human mtDNA. Haplogroup I-M253 is a primary branch of haplogroup I* (I-M170), which has been present in Europe since ancient times. R2-M124-WTY DNA Project - Y-DNA Classic Chart. Hello, Frank, I have a similar heritage My paternal haplogroup is R1b1b2a1a2f – however, my great great grandfather hailed from a small seaport near Thessaloniki, Greece (Macedonia coastal area on the Aegean sea, Thessalonica, the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of the geographic region of Greek Macedonia). com to ftdna. Family Tree DNA to introduce terminal SNP label for Y-DNA Further to CeCe Moore's blog post advocating the adoption of a terminal SNP label rather than the longhand currently employed to define Y-DNA haplogroup/subclade, Family Tree DNA have now inserted an explanation on their user's Haplotree page. ScotlandsDNA and its associated companies MyDNA Global, BritainsDNA, IrelandsDNA, YorkshiresDNA and CymruDNAWales offered direct-to-consumer genetic tests which explore British, Irish, Scottish and Welsh ancestry. Y chromosome DNA. Origins and history of Haplogroup I2 (Y-DNA) Article Wallace surname in Scotland, who within haplogroup I belong overwhelmingly to the rare haplogroup. com has have received so far (my DNA test kit that I returned to them and the marker values from ancestry. Kit is placed with vendor variant call report. The M222 SNP is closely associated with a subhaplogroup of R1b1c whose ancestors appear to have come from north-west Ireland and perhaps lowland Scotland7. DNA Results – Making Sense of Them. My test matched two other persons. If you get your DNA tested, chances are you will come across the term “haplogroup. Haplogroup F (M89) is a major paragroup of five F subgroups and haplogroups G and H, and paragroup IJK. The British Isles DNA Project is a dual (Y-DNA and mtDNA) project that is open to persons with a documented direct paternal or maternal lineage originating in the British Isles. com testing methods, you should probably do some research. In testing the DNA of a number of R- M269 males (customers or officers of EthnoAncestry), two were found to be positive for S28 (U152). There are two kinds of Y-DNA tests: STR and SNP. This is a fast-evolving field, with potentially game-changing. Its purpose is to explain the genealogical and anthropological meanings of the determination. Doesn't Coon say that the Med race is basically extinct and the only remaining populations are in Wales, England, France, Norway? Yeah, definitely sounds like a load of crap to me. The Scotland's DNA project, led by Edinburgh University's Dr Jim Wilson, has tested. The Park/e/s DNA Surname Project. First evidence to genetically tie all Inuit populations to North Slope. MORE: Trace your Scottish ancestors for free on Ancestry. Analysis & various interpretations from DNA researchers of markers similar to mine identified a particular “Scots modal” pattern most common in the highlands of Scotland. People living in southern and central England today typically share about 40% of their DNA with the French, 11% with the Danes and 9% with the Belgians, the study of more than 2,000 people found. My test matched two other persons. According to the 2007 Beothuk paper, the Beothuk mitochondrial DNA fell into two of the 5 typical haplogroups for Native American mitochondrial DNA, C and X. It is a subgroup of haplogroup IJ, which itself is a derivative of the haplogroup IJK. It appeared in central Asia and spread through Europe before the LGM. The Haplogroups below are for Clifford Hullinger. Moore and the folks at Trinity College in Dublin published a paper famous for identifying the modal haplotype of Irish High King Niall of the Nine Hostages. 149447 Millard Filmore Anderson born November 9, 1879 and died December 1966 Magoffin County, Kentucky; married Martha Arnett on November 1890 Dona Charles Anderson…. Haplogroup A (Y-DNA) A is the oldest of all Y-DNA haplogroups. I had expected to fall into the most common mtDNA Haplogroup in Europe, H. DNA testing of the male Y chromosome has shown that Irish males have the highest incidence of the R1b haplogroup in Europe. In 2003 I began my adventure into Genetic Genealogy and have been hooked ever since. the Irish also share their DNA to a large extent with the people of Britain, especially the Scottish and Welsh. (contact information below) for more information about the yDNA project. Y-DNA Haplogroup I (the letter I, not the number 1) represents nearly one-fifth of the population of Europe. Y-DNA37 : This is a male specific test. The B haplogroup, concentrated in the Southwest, appears to correspond to the Pueblo Indians and former Mound Builder tribes, one of whom, the Natchez, were integrated together with the Cherokee as the Long Hair Clan. We advise all participants to join an appropriate surname, clan, family or haplogroup project as the best way to find genetic matches. Haplogroup I-M253 is a primary branch of haplogroup I* (I-M170), which has been present in Europe since ancient times. The arrival of the most common mtDNA haplogroups to Scotland 29 Figure 11. So it appears likely, that H6a1/a was an mt DNA type that followed the many Y-DNA types of the Copper Age Steppe migration across Europe - despite the usual dominance of Steppe Y haplogroups in Western Europe that indicate a male sex bias. The companies were a new incarnation of the former testing company Ethnoancestry. Haplogroup H2a2a1 shared a post. Maternal haplogroups found are consistent with pre-Neolithic settlement, whereas the Y-chromosomal analyses permitted confirmation of the existence in Spain approximately 7,000 y ago of two haplogroups previously associated with the Neolithic transition: G2a and E1b1b1a1b. R1b is the most common haplogroup in Western Europe, reaching over 80% of the population in Ireland, the Scottish Highlands, western Wales, the Atlantic fringe of France, the Basque country and Catalonia. DNA testing is not a replacement for traditional documentary research, but can be used in conjunction with the paper records. Y-DNA is carried only by males and can be subdivided into various groups called haplogroups; M222 belongs to Haplogroup R, which can, in turn, be continuously subdivided. Lineage I If you would like to contact any of the members in this group send an email message to Darlene at [email protected] Additionally, haplogroups (automatically predicted in all Y-DNA tests) help identify mutations that are characteristic of population groups and their migration pattern s. Later, I came to understand that my 37 marker test identified me as R-M269, and another cousin's 67 marker test identified our family as R-DF27. Use Your DNA to Rediscover Your Irish Heritage A painless commercial ancestral Y chromosome DNA test will potentially provide one with the names of many hundreds of individuals with whom one shares a common male ancestor, but what often perplexes people is how one can match many individuals with different surnames?. DNA analysis is an important new scientific tool increasingly being used by genealogists as an aid to research. The haplogroup R1b1a2a1a1a3a1a is closely linked with ancient inhabitants of England, the Anglo-Saxons, and I have seen no reason - from various analytical options available for Y-DNA data - to question that linkage. R1b, which originated in western Europe, is the most common Y-DNA haplogroup among Irish men, at a frequency of about 81. Haplogroup I2b1 (now called I2b) has been found in over 4% of the population in Scotland. Project Background: This project is open to both yDNA paternal lines and mtDNA maternal lines of Nordic and of Celtic-Iberian origins. Haplogroup CF is a hypothetical haplogroup that emerged from CT between 60,000-55,000 years ago, possibly in Southwest Africa, and accounts for descendant haplogroups C and F. His offspring now includes 90% of the world's population. Because of their stability, they can be used to identify branches of the Y-tree, called haplogroups. According to the data, those of Celtic ancestry in Scotland and Cornwall are more. My DNA markers seem to closely match the haplogroup markers associated with the ancient Gaelic Celt warrior tribes, the “Dalriada Scots” (Scoti) from Ireland. Haplogroup K was found in approximately 15% of the Neolithic samples from Europe and their main paternal lineage was Y-DNA haplogroup G2a. They may be stable enough however to define clades within the LSC for genealogical purposes. The haplogroup R1b1a2a1a1a3a1a is closely linked with ancient inhabitants of England, the Anglo-Saxons, and I have seen no reason - from various analytical options available for Y-DNA data - to question that linkage. Part Six: William’s DNA results As per my previous explanatory posts, remember that the various types of tests (a) look at different ancestral lineages (male, female, both) and (b) focus on different genealogical and anthropological timeframes. Haplogroups. • Collect your DNA at home with a quick and easy cheek swab kit • DNA Tribes tests your autosomal STRs inherited from both maternal and paternal ancestors for the most detailed and comprehensive genetic ancestry analysis available • Our test compares your DNA to over 1,200 ethnic groups and 32 regions exclusive to DNA Tribes®. To briefly recap, most surnames became fixed, and inherited from the father, sometime between 1000 and 1200 AD in Britain and Ireland. You will find a lot of theories in the internet about connections between haplogroups and tribes or betwenn haplogroups and "races", but this connection is incorrect. From a very easy to use home saliva test, Roots for Real will analyse your mtDNA (for maternal ancestry) or Y-DNA (for paternal ancestry) and match it to our database of samples from all over. FTDNA predict a haplogroup for all men with a minimum of 12 Y-STR markers. The E haplogroup is believed to have originated in East Africa and spread from there, or in the Middle East and returned to Africa. Haplogroup G is the 3rd most common Y-DNA haplogroup in Sardinian People, with a distribution estimated between 11% and 15%, mainly in the north part of the island and on the highlands of central regions. DNA tests have proved that Alex Haley – the black American author whose book Roots traced his family origins from the slave plantations of the US back to Africa – was of Scottish ancestry. This is a fast-evolving field, with potentially game-changing discoveries being made every few months. The Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) test traces direct male-line ancestry — grandfather to father to son and so on. H2b is a subclade, or branch of, the more ancient haplogroup H. Y-DNA STR markers change (mutate) often enough that most men who share the same STR results also share a recent paternal lineage. Haplogroup IJ is in turn derived from Haplogroup F that formed a founding middle east population 30-40kya. Y chromosome DNA. Genetic Genealogy. True sequencing of ancient DNA has only really been possible in the last handful of years, so we are only starting to get a real picture of how different haplogroups populated Europe. While it is consistent with modern history and the DNA record that Gordons within Haplogroup R came to Britain and Scotland across the English Channel, Gordons within Haplogroup I probably came to Britain and Scotland as Viking raiders from Normandy, married, stayed, and were assimilated into Britain in the epoch between 500 and 1000 CE. Y-DNA Test. It marks a major split in paleolithic lineages some descendant lines are common throughout Europe, Central Asia and South Asia, and also common in parts of the West Asia and Africa. The I1 Haplogroup in the Sinclair DNA study. Nor was this the last great movement of people across Europe. You may recall that our matching Lineage 1 lines were stuck at a haplogroup of I-Z60*, ie negative for known subgroups, this branch of the yDNA haplogroup of mankind being given as forming 4,700 years ago, with 4,300 years to the most recent common ancestor. Afghanistan---5. The Scottish part is from around Glasgow and the Irish from around County Cork. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been implicated in several disorders having stroke as one of its clinical manifestations. In human genetics, the haplogroups most commonly studied are Y-chromosome (YDNA) haplogroups and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups, both of which can be used to define genetic populations. Haplogroup H2a2a1. This is a list of haplogroups of historic people. Then 31 % is British , Scottish and Irish. DNA profiles and haplogroups of famous persons. Interactive charts and maps from the World Atlas of Ancestral Genealogy and Modern Genography, weaving DNA haplogroup data with socioeconomic and environmental indicators to cast a new light on these subjects: definitely not your grandfather's genetic genealogy. Almost half of all men with the surname of Macleod carry Dave’s DNA. You can read the articles in “The Scotsman” and “The Telegraph and the press release by Scotland’s DNA here. Human Y-chromosome DNA can be divided in genealogical groups sharing a common ancestor. He advises that the Y-DNA signature of this group matches the Isles-Scot clade, a large group. To know what ancient ethnic group is associated with each haplogroup, please check European Haplogroups : origins, geographic spread and relation to ethnic groups. Later, I came to understand that my 37 marker test identified me as R-M269, and another cousin's 67 marker test identified our family as R-DF27. This project is designed to show evidence of deep ancestral patterns found within Celtic-Iberians and Scandinavian settlements throughout Europe. We will now examine STRs, SNPs, and haplogroups. One possible explanation is that the different Scottish genes crossed over onto one chromosome that the daughter received, but the son didn’t. Hirschman's exhaustive studies and book, Scottish clan by Scottish clan, will leave you with NO DOUBT that those with Jewish DNA, of Jewish religious affiliation and practices, and engaged in Jewish social/cultural experiences and identification, integrated into and assimilated into what is now Scotland, Scottish culture and Scottish religious. The descendants of the MRCA of I1 today are primarily found among the Northern Germanic populations of northern Europe and the bordering Uralicand Celtic populations in Scandinavia, even though they're overshadowed by the dense R1b Haplogroup in the same areas. Since most of Europe was at one time covered in ice and the ice age did not end until around 10 to 12,000 years ago we can generalize that our early Scottish ancestors started to move north into Britain and northern Europe at some point after 12,000 years ago. The page is called A Confluence of Surnames. Origins and history of Haplogroup I2 (Y-DNA) Article Wallace surname in Scotland, who within haplogroup I belong overwhelmingly to the rare haplogroup. Haplogroup W Gets No Respect! Although one of the earliest identified haplogroups, it was not to be considered important enough to be listed as one of the 'seven daughters of Eve' and given a snappy, attention-getting female name. Scientists analyzing mummy DNA find that the closest ancient relations were from the Near East and Europe. H2b is a subclade, or branch of, the more ancient haplogroup H. I-A8742 is part of the I-L161 haplogroup, more specifically it's part of I-A1150 which is part of I-L1498. You are invited to contact Colleen Taylor (contact information below) for more information about the HFA. DNA Haplogroup I1 (M253) has 3,615 members. Haplogroup G2a, Europe’s Neolithic marker, had a very different fate: it’s predominance in the Neolithic contrasts sharply with it’s near absence in the subsequent ancient DNA record and it’s limited distribution today in the southern Europe and the eastern Mediterranean In contrast, the predominant haplogroup in western Europe today. It was known as J1e until February 2010, when a number of mutations were discovered in the J1 tree that made a change in nomenclature necessary. Doigs from Perthshire, Scotland with earliest ancestor c. For example - the Y-DNA haplogroup known as Q-M3 has a strong association with the ethnic group known as Native Americans. get a real picture of how different haplogroups populated Europe. DNA and the Haplogroups. Edward IV of England (1442-1483) was Richard III's elder brother and predecessor as King of England. NB For further information on the projects included here, follow the project links provided. In human genetics, Y Haplogroup E-M215, previously known as E3b, is a major Y-chromosome haplogroup, which is a division of the macro haplogroup E-M96, and which is defined by the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) mutation M215. The Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) test traces direct male-line ancestry — grandfather to father to son and so on. The mutations identified with Haplogroup I-M253 (Y-DNA) are M253, M307, P30, and P40. We will now examine STRs, SNPs, and haplogroups. PART II: The origin of the Gaels has remained a mystery until the advent of modern commercial ancestral DNA testing. In late January, I found a blog posting on a Yahoo group, called Crispin Cousins, which validated this approach. Haplogroup mtDNA and Brit-Am Israelite Identifications. Where did I come from? - Your predicted Y-DNA ancestral origins •Y-DNA Haplogroup: R-M207 •Subgroup: R1-M173 •Confidence: Medium Y-DNA Haplogroup R-M207 Summary Haplogroup R is defined by a DNA marker known as M207. It is defined by the presence of SNP marker M269. This means that her base tree branch on the human genomic tree is H, then she is a member of subgroup or branch 49, stick letter “a” and leaf 1. His offspring now includes 90% of the world's population. Like its sibling macrohaplogroup M, macrohaplogroup N is a descendant of the haplogroup L3. My test matched two other persons. Other general updates include:. You should get your Y-DNA haplogroup now, which is the result labeled "most likely". It may also have spread up through the Balkans into northwestern Europe, becoming a minority admixture in Germany and Denmark, and eventually arriving in England with the Anglo-Saxons and. FTDNA predict a haplogroup for all men with a minimum of 12 Y-STR markers. Excerpts from When Scotland Was Jewish. The B haplogroup, concentrated in the Southwest, appears to correspond to the Pueblo Indians and former Mound Builder tribes, one of whom, the Natchez, were integrated together with the Cherokee as the Long Hair Clan. In his popular book The Seven Daughters of Eve , Bryan Sykes named the originator of this mtDNA haplogroup Jasmine. DNA Haplogroup I1 (M253) has 3,615 members. A recently discovered DNA marker suggests that 10% of Scottish men are directly descended from the Picts. It has now been confirmed by ancient DNA test that the first Homo sapiens to colonize Europe during the. DNA anestral markers show pedigree of descent from a common ancestor at a point in time on the tree of mankind. The genetic markers that define your ancestral history reach back roughly 60,000 years to the first common marker of all non-African men, M168, and follow your lineage to present day, ending with. You are invited to contact William Clark "Bill" Hardin, Jr. Celtic Migration to Ireland: Evolution of Haplogroup R & the Indo-European Language I. It was known as J1e until February 2010, when a number of mutations were discovered in the J1 tree that made a change in nomenclature necessary. The DNA is only passed from father to son, which is the reason why it is restricted to males only. My friends come from full Spaniard descent but they are not sure from what part of Spain since Spaniards from different parts of show more My friends did their DNA with FamilyTreeDNA and they got their results as their haplogroup belonging to R1b1a2 (R-M269). The alternative SNP names are provided as shown on the ISOGG Y-SNP tree. It peaks in north-west Ireland, especially Donegal, where more than 20% of males have it. Haplogroup I1 (Y-DNA) is the original paternal lineage of Nordic Europe. Haplogroup G2a, Europe’s Neolithic marker, had a very different fate: it’s predominance in the Neolithic contrasts sharply with it’s near absence in the subsequent ancient DNA record and it’s limited distribution today in the southern Europe and the eastern Mediterranean In contrast, the predominant haplogroup in western Europe today. MORE: Trace your Scottish ancestors for free on Ancestry. Of relevance to Jewish population origins, and as is the case for the Y-chromosome, the Near East is populated with a long list of major mitochondrial haplogroups, among which H, J, T, U , and K are frequent. The mutations identified with Haplogroup I-M253 (Y-DNA) are M253, M307, P30, and P40. The Dynamic DNA Comprehensive Ancestry test provided a range of information about my haplogroups, my maternal and my paternal roots. Where common sense dictates, those bearing another surname may be accepted by the Group Administrator to the project if they can prove family decent along the male line from a STRACHAN. I-A8742 is part of the I-L161 haplogroup, more specifically it's part of I-A1150 which is part of I-L1498. Y-DNA haplogroup G is primarily a Middle Eastern, Caucasus Region, and Mediterranean haplogroup that occurs in northwestern Europe in only about 2% of males. Celtic Migration to Ireland: Evolution of Haplogroup R & the Indo-European Language I. At this time there is no real answer to the presence of Ui Neill DNA in Scotland and England (and even worse, in France, Germany, Denmark and Sweden). A modal haplotype is the haplotype of a group of related men which is certain to have been the haplotype or DNA signature of their common ancestor. ****Scottish Alannic (Haplogroup G2, (Hugonaut)**** The Y-DNA pattern for these four men is very different from the other MacAulays, in that it is the "G2" haplogroup rather than the “R1b” haplogroup which is extremely common in Gaelic populations. I had expected to fall into the most common mtDNA Haplogroup in Europe, H. You may join if you have identified an ancestor who lived in the British Isles, with a name, the time he or she lived and a specific place (town or parish, and county). Haplogroup I2a2a has been found in over 4% of the population only in Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, England (excluding Cornwall), Scotland, and the southern tips of Sweden and Norway in Northwest Europe; the provinces of Normandy, Maine, Anjou, and Perche in northwestern France;. 8 Figure 4 illustrates the genealogy connection between a Coburg Prince and the Windsor Monarchs. It is also common in Anatolia and around the Caucasus, in parts of Russia and in Central and South Asia. DNA tests have proved that Alex Haley – the black American author whose book Roots traced his family origins from the slave plantations of the US back to Africa – was of Scottish ancestry. com If you need to know, and you’re a haplogroup R1b male, just order this SNP for $39 from Family Tree DNA and you’ll know if you carry this marker, or not. Since females don’t carry the Y-chromosome, they can’t take this test. We present findings based on a study of Y-chromosome diallelic and microsatellite variation in 181 Icelanders, 233 Scandinavians, and 283 Gaels from Ireland and Scotland. R1b Y-DNA Haplogroup I work in the geographic area of the north of Ireland and western Scotland. The frequency is higher in southern Europe, amounting to approximately 8-10% of the population in Spain, Italy, Greece, and Turkey. DNA testing of the male Y chromosome has shown that Irish males have the highest incidence of the R1b haplogroup in Europe. You will find a lot of theories in the internet about connections between haplogroups and tribes or betwenn haplogroups and "races", but this connection is incorrect. We will now examine STRs, SNPs, and haplogroups. The presence of the M45 marker is unique to all individuals who descended from this line and can be confirmed with SNP testing. In human genetics, Haplogroup I-M253 is a Y chromosome haplogroup which occurs at greatest frequency in Fenno-Scandia. 23andme gave me R-M222 is my paternal haplogroup, I did other research tests on haplogroup, and everyone gave me R-M222. The purpose of this table is to allow correlation of haplogroup STR signatures with specific family groups and locales. There is however no connection between the two sets of nomenclature e. The skull of a Neolithic farmer woman (left), uncovered at a burial site near Belfast, revealed her DNA was a mix of hunter gatherers and early farmers from as far afield as the Middle East. Edward IV of England (1442-1483) was Richard III's elder brother and predecessor as King of England. The stronger suggestion has been that the Phoenician paternal DNA was the J2 haplogroup. SNPs are far more stable than STR markers, and if they mutate, they typically won't mutate again along a lineage. Haplogroup E3b Scientists believe that haplogroup E3b originated in the Near East, and spread across the Mediterranean and North Africa during the Neolithic. R1b-M269, which originated in western Europe, is an important Y-DNA haplogroup found among Scottish men who participate in Family Tree DNA's "Scottish Y-DNA Project". Use Your DNA to Rediscover Your Irish Heritage A painless commercial ancestral Y chromosome DNA test will potentially provide one with the names of many hundreds of individuals with whom one shares a common male ancestor, but what often perplexes people is how one can match many individuals with different surnames?. R1a1 (Hg3, Eu19) is, along with Q, the only haplogroup that can unequivocably be linked to a Norse ancestry, and more specifically to the west coast of Norway. This Haplogroup is estimated to be as high as 10% in Europe but given the voluntary nature of participation in the project only 4. MtDNA haplogroup J has nothing to do with YDNA haplogroup J. Wilson publishes a paper and makes his data available for review, you won’t know if you are a Pict or just another L1335 Scottish male. Y-DNA Haplogroups – with Focus on Europe and the Middle East. The marker S530 claimed as a new discovery is commonly known as L1335 by Family Tree DNA and was added to the ISOGG R1b Haplotree on 8 January 2013. This subclade is the most common Scottish variety of R1a. Further spreading of the haplogroup I DNA occurred during the ice age by migrations from Scandinavia to the Balkans, southern France, Iberia (present day Spain and Portugal) and Italy. Most of the other common European haplogroups only appear in ancient European DNA after farming arrived. So it appears likely, that H6a1/a was an mt DNA type that followed the many Y-DNA types of the Copper Age Steppe migration across Europe - despite the usual dominance of Steppe Y haplogroups in Western Europe that indicate a male sex bias. Tag: Scottish DNA Project Age of lineages within S756 Thanks are due to Iain McDonald, project administrator at the R-U106 and Scottish DNA Projects who has provided improved estimation of the age of branches within S756. One possible explanation is that the different Scottish genes crossed over onto one chromosome that the daughter received, but the son didn’t. ****Scottish Alannic (Haplogroup G2, (Hugonaut)**** The Y-DNA pattern for these four men is very different from the other MacAulays, in that it is the "G2" haplogroup rather than the “R1b” haplogroup which is extremely common in Gaelic populations. Subclade I1 (Haplogroup I1 (Y-DNA)) is found mostly in Northern Europe, while subclade I2 ( Haplogroup I2. These haplogroups are found most often in Southern Europe and North Africa. All members of that clade have a null (0) value at DYS425, which means "there is some mutation near the DYS425 which makes it impossible to read the STR by standard means. The approach was to look for consistencies in families who gifted land to abbeys and priories. This is a fast-evolving field, with potentially game-changing discoveries being made every few months. get a real picture of how different haplogroups populated Europe. Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U6 has been considered as a molecular signal of a Paleolithic return to North Africa of modern humans from southwestern Asia. 4% of participants share this group. While DNA testing has some limitations, it can still be a tremendous help in confirming your ancestry. He says that this marker is evidence that the Picts are living among us today and can be identified genetically. DNA testing is not a replacement for traditional documentary research, but can be used in conjunction with the paper records. And, we are Haplogroup R. Y-DNA Haplogroup F-M89 stems from CF-P143, is formed 50,000 to 56,000 ybp most likely in the Indian Subcontinent, or somewhere close to it. YDNA testing, which tells you things about your straight male line and places you in a group with other similar testers, called a haplogroup; mtDNA testing which does the same thing on your mother's line; and atDNA, which is more the kind of DNA we all learned about in biology class -- the kind that gets mixed up every. Z140 > Z2535> Z2538 > Z2536 & so the Danish Viking connection and me matching so close, makes perfect sense. Previously, we had been grouped in the larger R-M269 Haplogroup. My cousin Paul Drueke had his Y-chromosome DNA tested at Family Tree DNA. Legend BRANCH the short branch name. You may join if you have identified an ancestor who lived in the British Isles, with a name, the time he or she lived and a specific place (town or parish, and county). *The mt-DNA haplogroup M was found among 1 individual in the total sample of 133 reporting a frequency of 1%. R1b-M269, which originated in western Europe, is an important Y-DNA haplogroup found among Scottish men who participate in Family Tree DNA's "Scottish Y-DNA Project". I don't know why she was not assigned to R1b1(old R3) as she has almost identical mutations to the Armenian as well. Sunday, October 27, 2019. Haplogroup O (Y-DNA) — In human genetics, Haplogroup O (M175) is a Y chromosome DNA haplogroup. A list of haplogroups most concentrated in Poland. Haplogroup I2b1 (now called I2b) has been found in over 4% of the population in Scotland. In England and Eastern Scotland, the frequency is tiny at 0. The predictor gives prices percentages of probability and fitting of your results as an average value of one or more haplogroups. They’re the only company that’s headed by a well-known professional geneticist, Alexei Fedorov. This DNA is almost invisible in the major Scottish clans said to descend from the Irish Dal Riata. 6k points). The skeleton's DNA matched exactly the mitochondiral haplogroup (J1c2c) of modern matrilineal descendants of Anne of York , Richard's elder sister, confirming the identity of the medieval king. *The mt-DNA haplogroup M was found among 1 individual in the total sample of 133 reporting a frequency of 1%. Nor was this the last great movement of people across Europe. To briefly recap, most surnames became fixed, and inherited from the father, sometime between 1000 and 1200 AD in Britain and Ireland. I suspect the spread of R1b is related with Celtic-speakers as Western Europe was once dominated by Celtic speakers. ****Scottish Alannic (Haplogroup G2, (Hugonaut)**** The Y-DNA pattern for these four men is very different from the other MacAulays, in that it is the "G2" haplogroup rather than the “R1b” haplogroup which is extremely common in Gaelic populations. The Story of I Population patterns Subclades I1-M253 I2-M438 Y-DNA Haplogroup I is confusing. All known living members descend from a common ancestor 6 times younger than the common ancestor with I2. Mitochondrial clade T derives from the haplogroup JT, which also gave rise to the mtDNA haplogroup J. 3rd Great Grandfather from my grandmother line was. Scottish DNA Project - Y-DNA Test 37 Marker. Project Background: This project is open to both yDNA paternal lines and mtDNA maternal lines of Nordic and of Celtic-Iberian origins. We advise all participants to join an appropriate surname, clan, family or haplogroup project as the best way to find genetic matches. n human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup J is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. Ten out of the Twelve Tribes of Israel were exiled and lost their identity. In 2006, I contributed a yDNA sample. I an a newbie to DNA. Haplogroup T is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. ScotlandsDNA was founded in late 2011. Scientists analyzing mummy DNA find that the closest ancient relations were from the Near East and Europe. Possibly. An analysis of the Hume DNA Project has provided conclusive evidence that the Scottish philosopher, historian and economist David Hume (1711-1776) belonged to haplogroup R1a-CTS4179. Last year, I wondered what year six would bring to the Scottish Emigration Blog. Excerpts from When Scotland Was Jewish. It is believed to have originated around 25,100 years ago in the Near East. It’s truly deep history. DNA Haplogroup Thanks to some updates to the yDNA test I manage, my Crawford line (James Crawford - born 1772, died 1854) has been assigned a new Haplogroup: R-A13336. S3106 is an unusual SNP. No earlier H6a1 found in European atDNA. However, DNA genealogy is an emerging enterprise that appears to be permeated by levels of hype and hubris that is associated. The most recent common ancestor of I-A8742 lived approximately 6400 years old according to YFull's calculation. [11] Haplogroup K has also been found in skeletons of early farmers in Central Europe of around 5500-5300 BC. com, is that timescale estimates are added to the branches being created on the yDNA tree of mankind. It rarely appears outside the boundaries of Europe and European colonies. Commercial ancestral Y-DNA testing has revealed that 60% of Irish males will have a pre-Viking Gaelic origin, and that almost all of those will have earlier detectable links with Scotland (the Y-DNA test only explores the paternal line). 23andme gave me R-M222 is my paternal haplogroup, I did other research tests on haplogroup, and everyone gave me R-M222. Tag: Scottish DNA Project Age of lineages within S756 Thanks are due to Iain McDonald, project administrator at the R-U106 and Scottish DNA Projects who has provided improved estimation of the age of branches within S756. Legend BRANCH the short branch name. A DNA project studying the Y-DNA of males bearing surnames associated with Clan MacLeod found that the vast majority of the men tested had a Haplogroup of R1b, which is the most common Haplogroup in the British Isles and considered to be “ Celtic “. The paternal lineage R-M222 is so common in Ireland that it is known as the Irish Modal Haplotype (IMH). Haplogroups for female mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is passed on from mother to daughter, but which males also have from their mother but do pass on themselves to their children. By Peter Biggins. Doigs from Perthshire, Scotland with earliest ancestor c. Haplogroup K was found in the remains of three individuals from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B site of Tell Ramad, Syria, dating from c. Their descendants are now to be found amongst Western Peoples. My cousin Paul Drueke had his Y-chromosome DNA tested at Family Tree DNA.